Childhood glaucoma — also referred to as congenital glaucoma, pediatric, or infantile glaucoma — occurs in babies and young children. It is usually diagnosed within the first year of life.
This is a rare condition that may be inherited, caused by incorrect development of the eye’s drainage system before birth. This leads to increased intraocular pressure, which in turn damages the optic nerve.
Symptoms of childhood glaucoma include enlarged eyes, cloudiness of the cornea, and photosensitivity (sensitivity to light).
How is it Treated?
In an uncomplicated case, surgery can often correct such structural defects. Both medication and surgery are required in some cases.
Medical treatments may involve the use of topical eye drops and oral medications. These treatments help to either increase the exit of fluid from the eye or decrease the production of fluid inside the eye. Each results in lower eye pressure.
There are two main types of surgical treatments: filtering surgery and laser surgery. Filtering surgery (also known as micro surgery) involves the use of small surgical tools to create a drainage canal in the eye. In contrast, laser surgery uses a small but powerful beam of light to make a small opening in the eye tissue.
What to Expect
Thousands of children with glaucoma can live full lives. This is the ultimate goal of glaucoma management. Although lost vision cannot be restored, it is possible to optimize each child’s remaining vision. Equally important is to encourage your child’s independence and participation in his or her own self-care.
Signs of Childhood Glaucoma
- Unusually large eyes
- Excessive tearing
- Cloudy eyes
- Light sensitivity
Childhood glaucoma – additionally referred to as congenital glaucoma, paediatric glaucoma, or infantile glaucoma – happens to occur in babies and young children. It is generally detected within the initial years of life.
This is an uncommon problem that might be acquired or brought on by wrong growth of the eye’s water drainage system prior to birth. This leads to increased intraocular stress, which in turn damages the optic nerve.
Symptoms of childhood years’ glaucoma include bigger eyes, cloudiness of the cornea, as well as photosensitivity (level of sensitivity to light falling on the eye).
Just how is it dealt with?
In a straightforward case, surgical treatment can typically correct such structural defects. Both medication and surgical procedure are called for sometimes.
Clinical therapies might entail making use of topical eye drops and oral medications. These treatments aid to either boost the departure of fluid from the eye or decrease the manufacturing of liquid inside the eye. Each result in lower eye stress.
There are two major kinds of medical therapies: filtering system surgical procedure as well as laser surgical procedure. Filtering surgical treatment (also referred to as micro surgical procedure) entails the use of tiny surgical devices to develop a drain canal in the eye. On the other hand, laser surgery utilizes a small, however powerful beam of light to make a small opening in the eye tissue.
What to Anticipate
Hundreds of kids with glaucoma can live complete lives. This is the best goal of glaucoma management. Although lost vision cannot be restored, it is possible to maximize each youngster’s continuing remnant vision. Just as vital is to motivate your kid’s freedom and also participation in his/her own self-care.
Indicators of Childhood Glaucoma
– Unusually big eyes
– Too much tearing
– Over cast eyes
– high level of sensitivity to the eyes